天道首页>名师访谈>美国

Max Rozycki:美国大学给予你解决问题的能力

责任编辑:nannan.gu来源:天道教育时间:2015-04-16 15:18:13点击:

苏格拉底曾说:“作为最具智慧的人,我唯一知道就是我的无知。”美国大学教育的核心目标在于摧毁你头脑中已经存在一些最基本的假设概念。通常情况下,这些固有的概念是如此的微不足道,以至于你根本没意识到他们已经在你脑中存在了很长的时间直到别人帮你指了出来。

关键词: 美国大学教育美式教育去美国留学天道外籍顾问

  “I am the wisest man alive, for I know one thing, and that is that I know nothing.” – Socrates

  At its heart, the goal of American university education is to attack your most fundamental assumptions. Often, these assumptions are so fundamental that you don’t realize they exist until they’re pointed out.

  In sociology classes we questioned identity – What are “American values?” Who do these values apply to? Does America usually uphold these values? What exactly is America, anyway? In statistics, we questioned how we understood the world – How do we find relationships among data? Are the relationships we find likely to be true? Is our system for deciding “truth” reliable?

  You learn that many questions, and almost all of the important questions, have no easy answers. Eventually, you start to feel very humble towards the world. There are few things that can be known for certain.

  But while college robs you of certainty, it gifts you with tools to find the best possible answer to your questions. You learn to find information and judge its quality. You learn to work to justify your beliefs to yourself, and hold yourself to a higher standard.

  Of course, this whole process will help you in your work. The ability to think critically is increasingly important in the modern workplace. However, the biggest impact of college is personal – it opens your mind and gives you a much more subtle understanding of the world.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

  The biggest skill Chinese students need to improve is their argumentative writing. By this I mean the ability to clearly present an argument, then support it with evidence and logic. This skill is very helpful for when students apply to college. When they actually attend college in the US, it is essential.

  Argumentative writing skills are more important for some college application essays than others. This skill is most applicable to writing “Why School” essays, where the student is asked to give a straightforward explanation for why they want to attend a given college. However, even the more open prompts, such as the Common Application main essay, require students to give structure to their writing, to avoid logical jumps, and to focus on proving a point.

  When students go to college, everything they do in class will involve some type of argument. The essay is the most formalized version of argument, and its rules are strict. An unclear argument, bad logic or jumps in logic, and lack or misuse of evidence are all reasons for teachers to take away points on your work, and for good reason – the skills and style of thinking needed to write a good argumentative essay can be applied to all areas of life.

  To start improving your argumentative writing, the best thing to do to is find a topic and get writing. Look over your own work and show it to a friend. Is your argument clear? Does it make sense? Is it well supported? Find out where your problems are and keep on writing!

  中文版:

  苏格拉底曾说:“作为最具智慧的人,我唯一知道就是我的无知。”

  美国大学教育的核心目标在于摧毁你头脑中已经存在一些最基本的假设概念。通常情况下,这些固有的概念是如此的微不足道,以至于你根本没意识到他们已经在你脑中存在了很长的时间直到别人帮你指了出来。

  在社会学课堂上,我们会讨论身份认同这个问题,例如,什么是美国价值观?这些价值观会被应用在何处?整个美国都会支持这种价值观吗?况且,”America”到底是什么?在统计学课上,我们会去质疑我们应当如何去认识这个世界。比如,我们是如何在错综复杂的数据里发现规律的?我们发现的这些规律都是正确的吗?而我们去判定规律是所用的“标准”又到底可不可靠?

  其实,你会发现对于很多问题,或者说几乎所有重要的问题而言,都不会具备一个非常简单的答案。最终,你开始已非常谦恭的态度来面对这个世界。因为你发现这个世界只有很少的一部分问题会有准确的答案。

  但是,当大学教育逐渐消除着你对万事万物的确定感时,它却赐予了你去探索解决问题最佳方案的工具。你学会发掘新信息并评估信息的含金量;你还学会通过行动来证明你的信念是正确的,并督促自己达到更高的水平。

  当然,大学教育的整个过程都会对你未来的工作大有助益,比如,大学阶段培养的辩证思考能力在现代职场中正在变得日益重要。然而,大学教育最大的作用还是针对学生本身的,它会打开你的视野,让你对这个世界有更加细致入微的认识。

  论文写作是中国学生需要提升的能力:

  对于中国学生而言,他们最需要提升的是论文写作技能。具体而言,中国学生要提升自身清晰表达论点,并以合理的按照严密的逻辑安排论据去支撑论点的能力。这一技能对于中国学生申请国外大学的帮助不可估量。更重要的是,学生真正进入大学之后,这项技能会显得更加必不可少。

  与其他文体写作能力相比,议论文写作技能在申请文书创作中显得尤其重要。该项技能在“为什么申请本校”这类文书中实用性最强。在该类文书中,学生要明确地解释他们为什么想读这所大学。甚至是在开放性更大的申请文书写作中,也会要求学生将其写作限定在一定框架内,避免逻辑跳跃,并且确保学生能集中针对一个论点展开论证。

  除此之外,学生进入大学以后,他们在课堂中参与的一切活动都会或多或少地涉及到辩论。而论文写作则是辩论最为正式化的一种形式,其规定也最为严格。模糊不清的论点、逻辑胡乱或逻辑跳跃,以及论据不足或论据不当都会让老师理直气壮地给你的文章扣分。进一步而言,优秀议论文所要求的技能和思维模式也适用于生活的方方面面。

本文为天道外籍顾问罗敏思(Max Rozycki)原创,转载请注明出处和作者,违者必究!

  想提高议论文写作能力么?最好方法就是赶紧确定一个话题并开始写作。写好后自己先检查一遍,然后让别人再帮你检查。你要确保以下几点:你的论点清晰吗?你的论点有论证的必要性吗?你的论点得到很好地论证了吗?找出你的问题并改进,坚持写下去吧!

  有数据,有故事,懂留学,更热爱梦想。

  扫一扫,留学资讯一手掌握!天道教育微信订阅号:tiandaojiaoyu

天道微信二维码

大家都在关注

分享到:

  • 天道美本申请首席顾问方案 大牛顾问团队陪你做申请!
  • 美国研究生文科申请-首席专案
  • 天道“启明星”计划
  • 天道留学APP安卓版 重磅上线!
  • 天道研究生首席顾问申请服务 让最强阵容陪你申请!
  • 天道欧美临床医学博士申请方案 突破申请瓶颈
  • 2017ACT考试攻略
");}(document);