责任编辑:xiang.deng来源:天道留学时间:2016-06-06 16:52:15点击:

基本上计划赴美留学的学生和家长,都把各种大学排名尤其U.S. News排名是作为选校的标杆,那么,排名高的学校就一定好吗?美国孩子是怎么选择专业和学校的?文理学院和综合大学之间又怎么选?下面我们一起来看看来自美国本土学生的选校经。

关键词: 美国大学选校美国大学排名文理学院VS综合大学



Bowdoin College(LAC TOP5)政府及法律研究文学学士,辅修西班牙语,CELTA证书持有者教师。作为一个语言高手,学习高手,Matt精通英、西、意、葡四国语言,且通晓希伯来文。Matt亦作为National Forensic League认证的辩论教练培训学生。有用两年的美国高中工作经验。




  1. Chinese students and parents seem to have a very strong “school fame  complex,” in which they are only targeting top 50 universities or only Ivy  League schools. Is that very different from U.S. students? Can you share how  U.S. high school students choose their schools and majors? What do you think  they pay attention to in the application? What about you?


  I think the “addiction” to rankings is not something that is unique to  Chinese parents and students, but part of a larger issue that many families are  facing today when it comes to higher education. It seems that in almost all  areas of the world, parents who are concerned about the futures of their kids  want to send them to the best university or college possible to ensure that  their child’s future will be bright. There have been numerous studies in the  U.S. and abroad about the starting income of students who graduated from the Ivy  League and other “elite” institutions compared to those who didn’t. Some  employers, parents, and children believe that a name like Harvard or Yale  carries with it a “seal of approval” that will set them up for financial success  for the rest of their lives.

  The only real difference that I see between Chinese parents and children is  that a higher ranking school from U.S. News and World Report indicates that a  school is better than a lower ranking one. These ranks are misleading as certain  “lower ranked” schools have programs or departments that are equally good, if  not better, than the top universities and colleges. I think the ranking of  schools in China into tiers (top, mid, and lower) causes Chinese parents and  students to add more emphasis on the number.

  U.S. high school students generally choose their majors and schools in a  similar way to Chinese students. Most students aren’t sure what they want to  apply for, but do have a general sense based on extracurriculars, activities,  and courses. School choice is usually based on reputation of the school,  parents’ encouragement (especially towards their own alma maters if they have a  strong reputation). The biggest difference is in the school visits, which do  play a big role in U.S. student school decision-making. Most Chinese students  are limited to the Internet and don’t get a real “feel” for the school.School  research is a must. Reputation is NOT enough. A student needs a real reason that  is specific to them why they want to attend. Concrete examples are a must that  reinforce the student’s claim to wanting to go. The more specific, the better.In  applying to schools, I fell into the ranking trap and had a somewhat rigid  mindset to what types of schools I wanted to attend. I wanted top LACs and some  of the smaller Ivy League universities. I focused my search on schools with good  Political Science, History, and Economics departments. I did visit the schools  and managed to eliminate some schools just based on how they felt. I would say  my application was not as good as it could be in hindsight.




  2. Chinese students are very interested in the universities on the East  Coast, does location really influence that much of the decision making process?  How can it affect study, life or maybe career opportunities? I see there are  some stereotypes related to universities that are located on the East Coast(NY),  West Coast (California), and Northeastern areas. Are any of them true? How do  you see that?


  Location is important. Cold weather in the Midwest and Northeast can be  really difficult to adapt to. If you absolutely hate the cold, stay away from  these schools. California is also a very popular destination for students  because of its climate. Most California schools are difficult to get into  because of the massive Asian-American population in this state.

  As for the difference between a school in a major city versus a school in a  more suburban or rural area, cities are more dangerous, but have more  opportunities available to students outside of campus. If a student chooses an  LAC or university that is essentially in the “middle of nowhere” then they  should expect more limitations to what they can do, but these schools do bring  in outside entertainment and opportunities.


  3. In about 10 years, Chinese students will know more about the LAC schools  and will be willing to study in them. We know you went to a top LAC school, why  did you choose it? Was there anything in particular that made you choose it?  Could you share some of your experiences?


  I chose Bowdoin because it was a smaller learning environment that had the  reputation (in the Princeton Review at least) of having top-quality history,  economics, and political science departments.

  I had a mix of universities and LACs, but weighted more towards LACs. I  knew little about LACs, but I researched a little about some of them and decided  to do a school visit. I visited Bates, Bowdoin, and Colby all on the same trip  and had an interview with an Admissions Officer. I also took the tour of  numerous schools, listened to the information sessions, and then eventually cut  down my list to about 8 schools I was interested in. At the end of regular  decision, I was left with two real choices, excluding my safety, UVa and Bates.  I had been waitlisted at Bowdoin and Davidson and rejected from Brown and  Dartmouth. As I was a Virginia resident, it was considerably cheaper to go to  UVa and I figured if I was going to get a similar education, might as well save  some money. I was not particularly happy with UVa as it was almost a safety for  me. I had too much of an ego to actually evaluate UVa as a school that provided  a top quality education because my high school regularly sent students to  UVa.

  Around May, I was informed that I had gotten off the wait list at Bowdoin  and only had 24 hours to make my decision. I jumped at the chance because I  wanted to go to a school far away from home that had a smaller campus where I  could interact with professors on a more personal level, and go to one of the  highest ranked LACs. In hindsight, while the academics were important and I do  believe I got a top-quality education, my mindset was poor and I should have  done more research and given more universities a chance. Bowdoin was too small  of a community for me and I constantly felt bored outside of class. It was also  cold and snowed all the time, which was not right for me personally. I should  have taken these things into account and not be a “ranking addict” and  close-minded. This is what I stress to my students in making school choices.




  4. We saw there are a bunch of organizations doing college RANKINGS, and  the RANKINGS are more and more detailed, such as the major departments’rankings, area rankings, etc. How do U.S. students and parents treat those? Is  it necessary to consult these rankings?


  Similar to Chinese parents and students, U.S. students and parents do pay  attention to these. As I mentioned above, the only real difference is that I  think Chinese parents and students put more of an emphasis on the number rather  than dividing the ranks into “tiers.” I think this has something to do with the  way Chinese schools are ranked and should be changed. Schools ranked 1-30 are  not necessarily better or worse than each other, just different.

  Michigan has arguably one of the best journalism schools in the country,  but is only ranked 29 in the U.S. News and World Report. UNC is ranked 30th, but  in this is due to its acceptance rate being skewed by in-state acceptances.  Out-of-state and international students are accepted at rates similar to those  at the most elite institutions, rather than what its ranking seems to indicate.  I think the rankings are fine to consult, but should only be consulted as a  beginning part of the search. Once a student narrows down the field a bit,  actual school research is FAR more important.



  5. Are there any other ways to know more about the universities? As for the international students, this would be the weakest field in their application. How do U.S. high schools work on leading/guiding students for getting more  information about the universities?


  Internet and even emailing the school for information packets are probably the best way for international students who don’t have the opportunity to visit  the school itself. There are also traveling information sessions that are somewhat useful, but occur infrequently. U.S. high schools get their information  the same way, but the main difference is ease of access. Students who wish to  apply to a school can usually visit it if they really want to.


  6. What do American people think are ideal jobs? How does one get an ideal job? What are your career plans when you return back to the USA?


  I don’t think Americans have an idea for an ideal job, although I will say  that there is some cultural importance placed on those who are entrepreneurs and  eventually become “his or her own boss.” Hard to say if one exists, especially  in a very complex and ever-changing job market. The answer to the second  question is networking. Networking, networking, networking. Internships and real  world experience are a must and then using those contacts to network can  significantly increase one’s chances of finding his or her“ideal” job. There  has been more of an emphasis in getting a master’s degree in order to get the  higher paying jobs in the United States, so that usually becomes part of the  calculation as well. My plan upon return is to apply for a master’s in  International Economics and also an MBA. I have been exploring options and have  found some programs that will allow me to pursue both. Beyond that, I would like  to do international business or negotiations, primarily with a focus between  U.S.-Latin America relations.







  • 天道美本申请首席顾问方案 大牛顾问团队陪你做申请!
  • 美国研究生文科申请-首席专案
  • 天道“启明星”计划
  • 加拿大高中生申请方案 直申北美名校!
  • 天道研究生首席顾问申请服务 让最强阵容陪你申请!
  • 天道欧美临床医学博士申请方案 突破申请瓶颈
  • 2017ACT考试攻略