英语学习 |
美剧台词
美剧文化
双语阅读
工作用语
词根词源
新词新意

疫情热词:钟南山、火神山,雷神山,用英语怎么讲?

  • 责任编辑:xiaoxue.liu
  • 来源:互联网
  • 时间:2020-05-27 10:28:07

  今天特意汇总了与此次疫情相关的热点英文词汇和表达,希望大家通过学习平息内心的闹腾,让宅着的生活更有意义。同时,也提醒在校学生们,这些热点词汇极有可能出现在各类英文考试中,包括高考、四六级、考研英语等等,要多留意哦。

  01

  病毒、疾病

  冠状病毒:coronavirus

  新型冠状病毒:novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV)

  严重急性呼吸综合征(非典型性肺炎):

  SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome)

  中东呼吸综合征:

  MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome)

  新型冠状病毒感染的肺炎:

  pneumonia caused by the novel coronavirus / novel coronavirus-caused pneumonia

  传染病:epidemic/infectious disease

  流行病学家:epidemiologist

  爆发:outbreak

  乙类传染病:category-B infectious diseases

  病毒的动物宿主:animal hosts

  确诊病例:confirmed cases of (pneumonia caused by the novel coronavirus)

  疑似病例:suspected cases

  人传人:person-to-person transmission / human-to-human transmission / be transmitted from person to person

  超级传播者:super-spreader

  密切接触者:close contact

  临床症状:clinical signs and symptoms

  发热、咳嗽、呼吸困难:fever, cough and difficulty in breathing

  发病率:incidence rate

  致死率:fatality /mortality /death rate

  发热门诊:fever clinic

  发热病人:fever patient

  重症患者:patient in critical condition

  潜伏期:incubation period

  飞沫传播:droplet transmission

  02

  医疗、防护

  各级医疗卫生机构:medical and health institutions at various levels

  一线医护人员:front-line medical workers

  口罩:(face) mask

  戴上、取下和处理口罩:

  put on, take off and dispose of a mask

  防护服:protective gowns /clothing /gear /suits

  护目镜:goggles

  一次性手套:disposable gloves

  医疗物资:medical supplies

  疫苗:vaccine

  自我隔离:quarantine oneself

  监测体温:monitor/check body temperature

  自觉接受医学观察:

  voluntarily put oneself under medical observation

  解除医学观察:

  be discharged from medical observation

  诊断、治疗、追踪和筛查:

  diagnosis, treatment, tracing and screening

  早发现、早隔离:early detection and early isolation

  公共场所消毒、通风以及体温检测:

  disinfection, ventilation and body temperature monitoring in public areas

  用肥皂和清水或含有酒精的洗手液勤洗手:

  Frequently clean hands by using alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water.

  咳嗽和打喷嚏时,屈肘或者用纸巾遮掩口鼻:

  When coughing and sneezing, cover mouth and nose with flexed elbow or tissue.

  03

  影响、对策

  国际关注的突发公共卫生事件:

  Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC)

  启动重大突发公共卫生事件一级响应:

  activate first-level public health emergency response (mechanism)

  开展流行病学调查:

  conduct epidemiological investigations

  遏制疫情蔓延:contain the epidemic

  封城:the lockdown of a city / a city is on lockdown

  瞒报:underreport

  延长春节假期:extend the Spring Festival holiday

  医疗物资紧缺:a dire shortage of medical supplies

  紧缺物资:scarce materials

  增加供给:boost supply

  打击捂货惜售:crack down on hoarding of

  发疫情财:make a fortune out of the epidemic

  顶格处罚:top-level/maximum penalty

  复产:resume production

  04

  相关组织、机构

  世界卫生组织:World Health Organization (WHO)

  世界卫生组织驻华代表处:

  WHO China Country Office

  中央应对新型冠状病毒感染肺炎疫情工作领导小组:

  the Communist Party of China Central Committee Leading Group on Novel Coronavirus Prevention and Control / Leading Group of the CPC Central Committee on the Prevention and Control of the Novel Coronavirus Outbreak

  中华人民共和国国家卫生健康委员会:

  National Health Commission of the People’s Republic of China

  湖北省卫生健康委员会:

  Health Commission of Hubei Province

  武汉市卫生健康委员会

  Wuhan Municipal Health Commission

  中国疾病预防控制中心

  Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (China CDC)

  湖北省疾病预防控制中心

  Hubei Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention

  武汉市疾病预防控制中心

  Wuhan Center for Disease Control and Prevention

  中国人民解放军疾病预防控制中心:

  the PLA Center for Disease Control and Prevention

  中国红十字会

  Red Cross Society of China

  中国红十字基金会

  Chinese Red Cross Foundation (CRCF)

  湖北省红十字会

  Red Cross Society of China Hubei Branch

  武汉市红十字会

  Red Cross Society of China Wuhan Branch

  武汉华南海鲜批发市场

  Wuhan Huanan Seafood Market / Wuhan South China Seafood Wholesale Market / Wuhan Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market

  武汉市金银潭医院

  Wuhan Jinyintan Hospital

  小汤山医院

  Xiaotangshan Hospital

  火神山医院

  Huoshenshan (Fire God Mountain) Hospital

  雷神山医院

  Leishenshan (Thunder God Mountain) Hospital

  钟南山,中国工程院院士

  Zhong Nanshan, academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering

  • 限时开放查阅丨名校学子申请材料大曝光!

  • 快速测出留学语言水平,定制提分方案

  • 24G资料包丨免费领!申请问题一次性解决

  • 天道留学考试app 名师课免费学

  • 天道留学APP 解决你所有的留学问题!

  • 2021USNews美国大学排名官方数据

    < >
    • 留学评估
    • 语言评测

    免费留学评估
    我 是学生家长
    • 姓 名
    • 所在城市
    • 手 机
    • 意向国家
    • 邮 箱
    • 教育阶段
    • Q  Q
    • 留学目标
    • 微信号
    • 意向专业
    立即获得免费留学规划

    在线帮助

    关于我们

    专家分享

    客户案例

    合作与互动