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伪装成“外向者”,将得到更多快乐

  • 责任编辑:xiaoxue.liu
  • 来源:互联网
  • 时间:2019-10-28 16:01:31

  If you are an introvert, force yourself to be an extravert. You'll be happier.

  如果你性格内向,强迫自己变得外向,你会更快乐。

  "The findings suggest that changing one's social behavior is a realizable goal for many people, and that behaving in an extraverted way improves well-being," said Lyubomirsky, a UCR psychologist and co-author of the study, published in the?Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.

  柳博米尔斯基说:“研究发现表明,对很多人来说,改变社会行为是可以实现的目标,外向的行为方式会增进幸福感。

”柳博米尔斯基是一位心理学家,也是该研究的合著者之一。这项研究发表在《实验心理学杂志·综合》期刊上。

  An initial challenge for this study was the presumption that extraversion -- as a trait rewarded in US culture -- is best. Many of the adjectives associated with extraversion are more flattering than those tied to introversion. Most people would rather be associated with words like "dynamic" than with words like "withdrawn."

  “外向” 在美国文化中是一种受到褒奖的个性特征,这也是该研究面临的最初的挑战,即假定外向的个性特征是最好的。

同外向有关的很多形容词比同内向有关的形容词更有表扬意味。相比“沉默寡言”这类词汇,大部分人更喜欢同“活力四射”等词语联系在一起。

  So Lyubomirsky's team went for words agreed upon as most neutral. The adjectives for extraversion were "talkative," "assertive," and "spontaneous"; for introversion, "deliberate," "quiet," and "reserved."

  因此,柳博米尔斯基的团队找出了一些含义最为中性的词汇。同外向相关的形容词是“健谈”,“坚定自信”和“自发”。

同内向有关的形容词是“深思熟虑”,“安静”和“保守”。

  Researchers next told participants -- both the Act Introvert group and the Act Extravert group -- that previous research found each set of behaviors are beneficial for college students.

  接下来,研究人员告诉“表现内向”组和“表现外向”组的参与者说,此前研究发现,每种行为方式对大学生都是有益的。

  The researchers suggest that future experiments addressing this question may switch up some variables. The participants were college students, generally more malleable in terms of changing habits. Also, Lyubomirsky said, effects of "faking" extroversion could surface after a longer study period.

  研究人员表示,未来有关这一问题的实验可能会改变一些变量。之前的参与者是大学生,在改变习惯方面来讲可塑性较强。柳博米尔斯基还说,“假装”外向的后果在更长的研究时期后可能会显现。

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